Case: Lewis v. John
Date: Aug. 9, 2011.
Comment: Car accident victim brought a lawsuit for her injury. After completion of discovery this case was placed on the court's trial calendar. The injured plaintiff had previously been examined by a defense orthopedist. However, after the case was placed on the trial calendar (and thus represented by the plaintiff's side as ready for trial) plaintiff had knee surgery and served notice of this additional claim of injury on the defense. The defense, entitled to have her re-examined due to this added injury claim, selected a different orthopedist from that whom examined plaintiff/accident victim previously. The plaintiff's lawyers did not like this second orthopedist, they wanted their client (the plaintiff) to be re-examined by the first orthopedist. The defense wanted the plaintiff to see a different doctor -- for reasons we can only speculate about, but we can assume that the defense thought that this second orthopedist would be less favorable to the injured plaintiff than the first orthopedist.
The court held that the plaintiff could not pick which doctor the defense could designate to examine her, that this was the defense's choice.From: New York attorney Gary E. Rosenberg (personal injury and accident attorney and lawyer; serving Queens Bronx; Queens injury attorney)
DEFENSE LOSES NO-FAULT SERIOUS INJURY THRESHOLD SUMMARY JUDGMENT MOTION WHERE ITS EXAMINING DOCTOR DIDN'T MEASURE ACCIDENT VICTIM'S (Posted by Queens injury attorney Gary E. Rosenberg on July 30, 2011)
In an action to recover damages for personal injuries, etc., the defendants Anthony F. John and Takis Corp. appeal, as limited by their brief, from so much of an order of the Supreme Court, Kings County (Sweeney, J.), dated January 13, 2011, as denied their motion to strike the plaintiffs' second and third supplemental bills of particulars or, in the alternative, to preclude the plaintiffs from offering any evidence or testimony with respect to knee surgery performed on the plaintiff Veronica Lewis, unless that plaintiff appeared for a physical examination by Dr. Steven Robbins, to the extent of directing the plaintiff Veronica Lewis to appear, within 45 days of the order, for a further physical examination to be conducted by Dr. Lisa Nason, rather than Dr. Steven Robbins.
ORDERED that the order is reversed insofar as appealed from, on the facts and in the exercise of discretion, with costs, and the motion of the defendants Anthony F. John and Takis Corp. to strike the plaintiffs' second and third supplemental bills of particulars or, in the alternative, to preclude the plaintiffs from offering any evidence or testimony with respect to the knee surgery performed on the plaintiff Veronica Lewis is granted unless the plaintiff Veronica Lewis appears for an examination to be conducted by Dr. Steven Robbins within 45 days of service upon the plaintiffs of a copy of this decision and order.
The plaintiff Veronica Lewis (hereinafter the injured plaintiff) and her husband, suing derivatively, commenced this action against, among others, the defendants Anthony F. John and Takis Corp. (hereinafter together the defendants) to recover damages allegedly sustained as a consequence of a motor vehicle accident, which occurred on September 23, 2008. The plaintiffs alleged, in their initial verified bill of particulars, dated October 6, 2009, and their first supplemental bill of particulars, dated October 28, 2009, that the injured plaintiff sustained injuries to her neck, back, left shoulder, and left hand as a result of the defendants' negligence.
On April 1, 2010, the injured plaintiff was examined, at the defendants' request, by Dr. Lisa Nason, an orthopedist. Thereafter, on April 28, 2010, the plaintiffs filed a note of issue and certificate of readiness.
In October 2010 the plaintiffs served a second supplemental verified bill of particulars and a third supplemental verified bill of particulars, in which they alleged that, as a result of the defendants' negligence, the injured plaintiff sustained medial and lateral meniscal tears to her right knee, requiring a surgical repair. The defendants served upon the plaintiffs a request for an additional orthopedic examination of the injured plaintiff, to be conducted by Dr. Steven Robbins. The plaintiffs objected to the examination solely on the basis that it should be conducted by Dr. Nason, who performed the first orthopedic examination on behalf of the defendants, and not by Dr. Robbins.
The defendants moved to strike the plaintiffs' second and third supplemental bills of particulars or, in the alternative, to preclude the plaintiffs from offering any testimony or evidence with respect to the injured plaintiff's knee surgery unless the injured plaintiff appeared for an examination by Dr. Robbins. The plaintiffs opposed the motion only to the extent that they argued that Dr. Nason, rather than Dr. Robbins, should conduct the further orthopedic examination of the injured plaintiff.
The Supreme Court denied the defendants' motion on the condition that the injured plaintiff appear for an examination by Dr. Nason within 45 days of its order. The defendants appeal, and we reverse the order insofar as appealed from.
Contrary to the plaintiffs' contention, the defendants were aggrieved by the order of the Supreme Court (see CPLR 5511; AMS Prods., LLC v. Signorile, 66 A.D.3d 929, 929, 886 N.Y.S.2d 830; Unitrin Advantage Ins. Co. v. Duclaire, 49 A.D.3d 863, 853 N.Y.S.2d 906).
"While discovery determinations rest within the sound discretion of the trial court, the Appellate Division is vested with a corresponding power to substitute its own discretion for that of the trial court, even in the absence of abuse" (Andon v. 302_304 Mott St. Assoc., 94 N.Y.2d 740, 745, 709 N.Y.S.2d 873, 731 N.E.2d 589; see Those Certain Underwriters at Lloyds, London v. Occidental Gems, Inc., 11 N.Y.3d 843, 845, 873 N.Y.S.2d 239, 901 N.E.2d 732). CPLR 3121(a) provides that, where the physical condition of the plaintiff is in controversy, "any party may serve notice on another party to submit to a physical ... examination by a designated physician" (emphasis added). Although a plaintiff may challenge a defendant's choice of an examining physician, the challenge must be based upon a claim of bias against the plaintiff or his or her attorney by the designated examining physician (see Noteboom v. Shugrue, 306 A.D.2d 453, 761 N.Y.S.2d 527) or prejudice against the plaintiff if that examining physician is allowed to testify at trial (see Whipple v. Edward P. Myers D.D.S., P.C., 234 A.D.2d 833, 651 N.Y.S.2d 234).
Here, there was no evidence that Dr. Robbins was biased against the plaintiffs or their counsel, or that the plaintiffs would be prejudiced if Dr. Robbins, rather than Dr. Nason, performed the second orthopedic examination. As such, it was an improvident exercise of discretion for the Supreme Court to require the defendants to utilize Dr. Nason for the second orthopedic examination of the injured plaintiff instead of their designated physician, Dr. Robbins (see CPLR 3121[a] ).