Court: Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.
Case: Renga v. Renga
July 26, 2011.
The Supreme Court, Appellate Division, held that because the couple put the settlement money into a joint investment account, it was presumed to have become marital (joint) property.
Sometimes a husband and wife sue together for injuries sustained in an accident. Sometimes because both are injured, or sometimes because the other, uninjured spouse, sues for "spousal loss of services," which means that the other has a claim for taking care of the hurt partner, missing work to drive him or her to the doctor, doing more chores at home, and just generally having to live with an injured spouse and the damage that can do to the marital relationship.
In this case it appears that both husband and wife were plaintiffs in this medical malpractice lawsuit – the wife as the damaged party, and the husband for "loss of services" – and they deposited a settlement of $4.8 Million into a joint account.
New York attorney Gary E. Rosenberg (personal injury and accident attorney and lawyer; serving Queens Bronx; Queens injury lawyer) Queens injury lawyer
In 1996, during the parties' marriage, the plaintiff, with the defendant suing derivatively, commenced an action to recover damages for medical malpractice. In 2003, the action was settled, and the parties received an unallocated net settlement in the principal sum of $4.8 million, which was made payable to both parties. The parties deposited the net settlement proceeds into a joint investment account and, in April 2007, allegedly for estate planning purposes, they withdrew a majority of the balance, which they deposited in two relatively equal amounts, into two separate trust accounts, one for the defendant and one for the plaintiff.
In March 2009, the plaintiff commenced the instant action for a divorce and ancillary relief, and in July 2009, she moved, inter alia, for a determination that the net settlement proceeds were the parties' separate property and for a hearing to determine the allocation between herself and the defendant of those proceeds. The defendant opposed the motion, arguing that the settlement proceeds had long ago been converted into marital property because the settlement check had been made payable to both parties, the funds had been deposited into a joint investment account, and, in April 2007, the parties had used a portion of the proceeds to fund, in approximately equal amounts, separate trust accounts for each of them. In an order dated September 1, 2009, the Supreme Court determined, in effect, and in pertinent part, that the net settlement proceeds were separate property and that the allocation between the parties would be determined at trial. The Supreme Court further determined that the deposit of the unallocated net settlement proceeds into a joint investment account did not convert those funds into marital property, but that the interest earned thereon may be marital property.
The defendant thereafter moved for leave to reargue, contending that the net settlement proceeds had been presumptively transmuted into marital property subject to equitable distribution, and that the plaintiff could not rebut this presumption. In effect, the defendant sought a determination that, as a matter of law, the settlement proceeds were marital property subject to equitable distribution. In the order appealed from the Supreme Court, inter alia, granted leave to reargue, and adhered to its original determination.
Generally, the proceeds from an action to recover damages for personal injuries are considered separate property of the spouse receiving the compensation (see Domestic Relations Law § 236[B][d]; Crescimanno v. Crescimanno, 33 A.D.3d 649, 822 N.Y.S.2d 310). However, the deposit of separate property into a joint bank account gives rise to a presumption that each party is entitled to a share of the property (see Banking Law § 675 [b]; Chamberlain v. Chamberlain, 24 A.D.3d 589, 593, 808 N.Y.S.2d 352; Garner v. Garner, 307 A.D.2d 510, 512, 761 N.Y.S.2d 414). This presumption may be rebutted with clear and convincing evidence that "the account was titled jointly as a matter of convenience, without the intention of creating a beneficial interest, and that the funds in the account originated solely in the separate property of the spouse who claims the separate interest" (Chamberlain v. Chamberlain, 24 A.D.3d at 593, 808 N.Y.S.2d 352; see Crescimanno v. Crescimanno, 33 A.D.3d 649, 822 N.Y.S.2d 310; Wade v. Steinfeld, 15 A.D.3d 390, 391, 790 N.Y.S.2d 64).
Here, contrary to the Supreme Court's determination, the parties' deposit of the unallocated net settlement proceeds into a joint investment account gave rise to a presumption that the proceeds were transmuted into marital property (see Banking Law § 675[b]; Crescimanno v. Crescimanno, 33 A.D.3d at 650, 822 N.Y.S.2d 310; Chamberlain v. Chamberlain, 24 A.D.3d at 593, 808 N.Y.S.2d 352). The record on appeal is insufficient to render a determination as to whether the plaintiff can rebut this presumption. We therefore remit the matter to the Supreme Court, Nassau County, for determination of this issue upon the trial of this action.
We decline the plaintiff's request for the imposition of sanctions against the defendant in connection with this appeal (see 22 NYCRR 130–1.1).