Court: Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department, New York

Case: In the Matter of Jeffrey P. SQUITIERI (admitted as Jeffrey Paul Squitieri), an attorney and counselor‑at‑law: Departmental Disciplinary Committee for the First Judicial Department

Punishment: Disbarment (loss of law license)

Date: Sept. 8, 2011

From: New York attorney Gary E. Rosenberg (personal injury and accident attorney and lawyer; serving Bronx and Queens; Queens accident attorney)

Comment: This attorney stole client money from his attorney escrow account B he tried to blame this on mental problems and drinking due to his divorce. The appeals court wasn=t buying it. Almost without exception, that will cost an attorney his or her law license (disbarment).


Respondent Jeffrey P. Squitieri was admitted to the practice of law in the State of New York by the First Judicial Department on August 4, 1997, as Jeffrey Paul Squitieri. At all times relevant herein, respondent has maintained an office for the practice of law within the First Department.

The Departmental Disciplinary Committee (Committee) now seeks an order pursuant to 22 NYCRR 603.4(d) and 605.15(e) confirming the Hearing Panel's determination regarding liability and recommendation that respondent be disbarred. Respondent cross moves to disaffirm the Hearing Panel's determination insofar as charges two and nine were sustained and disbarment was recommended. He instead seeks the imposition of suspension for not more than two years irrespective of whether charges two and nine are sustained.

The Committee served respondent with a notice and statement of nine charges, alleging, inter alia, that respondent commingled and misappropriated client funds in violation of DR 9-102(A) (count one); that by intentionally converting funds from his escrow account at Chase Bank for his own use, respondent engaged in conduct involving dishonesty, fraud, deceit, or misrepresentation in violation DR 1-102(A)(4) (count two); and that based on all of the foregoing misconduct, respondent engaged in conduct that adversely reflects on his fitness to practice as a lawyer in violation of DR 1-102(A)(7) (count nine).

Respondent admitted charges three through eight which alleged various bookkeeping violations and neglect of a client matter. With respect to charge one, respondent admitted that he commingled his own funds with client funds, but he denied misappropriating client funds. Respondent denied liability under charges two and nine. With respect to respondent's liability for misappropriation and intentional conversion of client funds, respondent argued that his judgment and thought processes were so negatively impacted by his psychiatric disorders and alcoholism triggered by a divorce that he could not have formed the venal intent necessary to sustain the disputed charges.

The Referee sustained all charges and following a hearing as to sanction, he recommended that respondent be disbarred. A Hearing Panel confirmed the Referee's report in all respects

The well‑reasoned determination of the Hearing Panel should be confirmed. The Panel properly sustained charge two alleging that by deliberately converting funds to his own use, respondent engaged in conduct involving dishonesty, fraud, deceit or misrepresentation in violation of DR 1-102(A)(4). Respondent's protestations that he lacked venal intent because he did not intend to permanently deprive his clients of their funds were properly rejected. This Court has repeatedly held that all that is necessary to sustain a violation of DR 1-102(A)(4), and the necessary "venal intent," is evidence that the attorney knowingly withdrew IOLA or escrow funds, without permission or authority, and that he used said funds for his own purposes (see Matter of Kirschenbaum, 29 A.D.3d 96, 812 N.Y.S.2d 54 [2006] [citations omitted] ). Whether an attorney intended to repay, or actually repays, converted funds does not negate a finding of venal intent (id.)

Moreover, respondent failed to prove a sufficient causal connection between his mental condition and his conversion of client funds to support a finding that he lacked venal intent. While there is no doubt that respondent's alcoholism and his impaired mental health contributed to his behavior, many aspects of his behavior during the relevant period, including his sophisticated check kiting scheme and concealment of his use of the escrow account from the divorce court, are inconsistent with the opinions of his mental health experts that respondent's cognitive ability was so negatively impacted by his impending divorce and his alcoholism that he was incapable of making reasoned intelligent decisions (compare Matter of Salo, 77 A.D.3d 30, 906 N.Y.S.2d 16 [2010] [medical experts agreed that respondent invaded lien funds inadvertently, without specifically intending to misappropriate third‑party funds, as the direct result of post‑traumatic stress disorder] ).

As to sanction, intentional conversion of escrow funds requires disbarment absent "extremely unusual mitigating circumstances" (Matter of Kirschenbaum, 29 A.D.3d at 102, 812 N.Y.S.2d 54; Matter of Neufeld, 268 A.D.2d 1, 3-4, 704 N.Y.S.2d 579 [2000] ). The Panel properly concluded that respondent did not show "extremely unusual mitigating circumstances" to avoid disbarment.

In addition to finding that respondent failed to show a causal connection between his mental condition and his escrow violations, the Panel properly considered in aggravation that respondent's actions in obtaining loans to restore funds to his escrow account, his concealment of his invasion of the escrow account from the divorce court and his check kiting scheme designed to create the illusion of a greater amount of currency, all demonstrated that he knew at the time of his misconduct that his handling of the escrow account was wrong. Furthermore, although respondent cooperated with the Committee by admitting many of the Committee's charges, he first revealed his check kiting scheme during cross‑examination at the hearing, showing that he had previously been less than candid with the Committee, as well as with the medical witnesses, and that his earlier testimony that he did not know the purpose of various money transfers was deceptive. Finally, as distinguished from Matter of Molinini-Rivera, 24 A.D.3d 36, 802 N.Y.S.2d 136 [2005], involving the intentional conversion of one client's funds, respondent put at risk the funds of 21 clients by allowing his escrow account to have a negative balance on several occasions.

Accordingly, the Committee's petition to confirm the Hearing Panel's report should be granted, the respondent's motion to disaffirm denied, and respondent should be disbarred from the practice of law.

Order filed.

Respondent disbarred and his name stricken from the roll of attorneys and counselors‑at‑law in the State of New York, effective the date hereof. Cross motion denied.

All concur.