A burn is a skin injury. Burn injuries in the United States have been increasing,
which results in a major health risk. Some
common types of burn injuries are from:
*thermal burn injury from heat or flame. Hot liquids are the most common
cause of a child’s burn injury. Thermal burn injury is common and
may be caused by flame, steam, hot metals, hot oil or grease, hot liquids
("scald burns"), fireworks, space heaters, electrical malfunctions,
or improperly stored flammable liquids such as gasoline. Thermal burns
resulting from explosions – such as from gas tanks, car accidents,
boat accidents, and airplane accidents – can be swift and severe
when fuel and clothing ignite.
*electricity – can be from faulty or defective electrical wiring,
or from a household appliance or sticking a metal object into a toaster
or electrical outlet.
*chemicals – from caustic substances such as acids or alkaloids,
etc. (acid burn). The chemical may keep burning until it is flushed away
by washing the skin. Jewelry or clothing that may have been splashed with
the chemical should be removed. Some household products that can cause
chemical burns include bleach, paint thinner, battery fluid, pool chemicals,
and drain cleaners. Chemical burns can also occur in the workplace.
*radiation – from x-rays, radiation therapy for cancer treatment,
or tanning beds. Sunburn also falls under the category of radiation burns.
*friction – can be like an abrasion, such as "road rash" from a
Most burns only affect the skin. More serious burns can affect deeper tissue
of the burn victim, for example, muscle, bone, and blood vessels. A victim
of a burn accident may go into shock, which is dangerous. A burn injury
(burn injuries) tends to be painful, because the skin is rich with nerve
endings, and the burn usually damages those nerve endings – firing
up the nerves and sending pain signals to the brain. The burn victim may
feel sharp pain, tingling or stinging. In the most severe cases, a burn
injury can result in wrongful death.
Serious burns, along with amputations and paralysis, are catastrophic injuries
that usually occur suddenly and without warning. For more information,
click the link to see my
FREE report on
My law office once represented a woman who suffered severe burns when a
gas station mechanic opened her car’s radiator while she stood nearby.
Hot radiator fluid shot up and burned her upper body. The burn left her
with scarring. Thus, burn injuries can also lead to emotional distress
and psychological suffering due to scarring and physical deformity.
For fire and burn injury accidents that made news in New York City, see
my blog posts about:
Motor Vehicle Accident
*Gas-Hauling Truck Flips and Bursts into Flames
*Abandoned Building Fire Kills One
*Bronx Fire Critically Injures Two
*Fire Kills Manhattan Family; Smoke Detector Broken
*Three Killed in Brooklyn Apartment Fire
New York City Playground Accident
*Barefoot in the (N.Y.C.) Park; Kids Getting Burned
Types of Burns
Burn injuries are painful and they are classified by how serious they are.
There are three categories of burn injury, the higher the number, the
more serious or severe the burn:
First Degree Burn – A first degree burn usually appears red and affects
the outer layer of the skin.
Such burns affect the surface of the skin, and may cause pain and swelling.
A common example of a first degree burn is a mild sunburn.
Second Degree Burn - In a second degree burn the first layer of skin has
burned through to the next layer of skin. Skin suffering from a second
degree burn may not perspire or grow hair. Blisters develop and the skin
can take on a deep red appearance.
Third Degree Burn - A third degree burn destroys both the first (epidermis)
and second (dermis) layer of skin and extends down to the third layer
(subcutaneous). Skin with a third-degree burn may appear white or black
and leathery on the surface. Oddly, deep third degree burns sometimes
do not cause any pain. This happens when the damage is so extensive that
the nerves have been completely destroyed. However, the area around the
burn may be extremely painful. A third degree burn is the most severe
type of burn and the pain may cause breathing problems and increased pulse
rate and leave terrible scarring.
Proper care of burns is vital, because burns can be quite painful and leave
disfiguring and disabling scarring. Burns can be complicated by shock,
infection, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, electrolyte imbalance
and respiratory distress. Large burns can be fatal, but modern treatments,
improved the treatment of such burns, especially in children and young adults.
Burn injury victims may be prescribed pressure garments to wear. Pressure
garments are used to minimize scar formation. Compression garments are
fitted to the special needs of each burn victim, and customarily worn
at least 23 hours a day, but removing for washing or bathing. However
the duration of pressure garment therapy may vary, and last one year or more.
Exercise is important to keep muscles and joints moving freely and comfortably,
with full ranges of motion. Often, patients are encouraged to begin moving
their limbs as soon as the surgical procedures have been completed and
skin grafts have taken. While exercise at this stage might be painful,
it is vital in preserving normal range of motion.
The treatment for serious burns can take years and cost thousands of dollars.
It can require numerous surgeries and skin grafts. The chance of the burn
site being infected is extremely high.
There may also be need for psychological counseling to address the initial
trauma of the accident event and the long term effect of scarring and/or
Burn victims may have special nutritional needs that may include extra
protein to promote healing.
One of the most important things which must be done after your accident
which resulted in your burn injuries is proper medical treatment by specialists
of burn injuries. Fortunately, there are many hospitals and treatment
centers in the New York City (Queens and the Bronx) area who specialize
in burns and burn injuries from which you may receive the best medical
treatment. Burn injuries have become so frequent that there are now more
than 200 burn centers in the United States alone. Our New York City (and
Queens, Bronx) burn injury attorney can assist you in locating the closest
and best medical center for your particular burn injuries such as melted
or burned skin, nerve damage, scaring or the loss of the ability to sweat.
Burn Injury Statistics
In the United States, approximately 2.4 million burn injuries are reported
every year. Burns can be one of the most painful accidental injuries one
can sustain. Those who suffer from such injuries can face a lifetime of
serious healthcare challenges. Last year, an estimated 650,000 burn injuries
were treated by medical professionals; 75,000 of those injuries required
*Children under two years of age are the most frequently admitted to a
hospital for a burn injury.
*Burn injuries for children under four years of age occur most frequently
in the kitchen.
*The second most common burn location for children four years of age and
under is the bathroom.
*Both car accidents and burn injuries commonly cause accidental deaths.
*For people aged five to seventy-four receive most burn injuries outside
of their home, and second most from kitchen accidents.
*The number one cause of accidental death for children 14 and under are
fire-related burn injuries.
*40% of burns suffered by children aged 14 and under are scalds from hot liquids.
*People aged seventy-five and older are most at risk to be killed in a
*High-voltage accidents account for only 3% of burn injuries.
*A burn injury covering 30% of someone's body can cost upwards of $200,000
for the initial medical treatment.
*Most victims of fires die from smoke inhalation and not from burns.
*Fires started by lighted tobacco products, principally cigarettes, constitute
the leading cause of residential fire deaths.
*According to the United States Fire Administration.
*Hot tap water scald burns cause more deaths and hospitalizations than
any other liquid burn.
*The most common causes of defective product burn injuries are hair curlers,
curling irons, room heaters, ovens and ranges, irons, gasoline, and fireworks.
*In the United States, fires kill 500 children each year .
*In the United States, fires injure more than 40,000 children each year.
*In the year 2003 alone, about 83,300 children were treated for burn injuries
in hospital emergency rooms.
*By 2004, less than 75% of all homes in the U.S. had a least one working
Our law firm specializes in burn injury accident cases. We hire fire safety
experts to prove liability including retired fire fighters, engineers,
and other safety professionals. With respect to a client's injury,
a burn injury can often be devastating.
If you do nothing else, please make certain that your home or apartment
has working smoke detectors.
Our firm represented a client, a 27 year-old male, who suffered second
degree burns to face, arms, shoulders; skin grafts; plus 3 weeks in a
hospital burn unit; all as a result of a house fire. We hired a fire expert
and plastic surgeon to testify at trial. A jury awarded our client $501,125
which, after interest accrued while we beat back the insurance company’s
appeal. resulted in a total recovery of $598,704.38.
See photos of this client's burn injury and more lawsuit information in my
Past Cases and Results.
At Gary E. Rosenberg, P.C., our New York City (Queens and the Bronx) burn
injury lawyers are experienced in representing clients who have suffered
all ranges of burns from first-degree to third-degree burns.
For your serious personal injury, you need serious legal representation
from a qualified personal injury attorney. You need
Gary E. Rosenberg, P.C.!
Contact us for your free, initial consultation.
Gary E. Rosenberg, P.C.
61-43 186th Street, Suite 524
Fresh Meadows, NY 11365
Serving: New York City, including the Boroughs of Queens, Manhattan, Staten
Island, and Bronx, and the Counties of Kings, Richmond, Queens, New York,
Bronx, Nassau, Suffolk, Westchester, Rockland and Dutchess.